Juno I

By Eiffleman

Four stage rocket derived from the Jupiter-C sounding rocket. After the “Sputnik Crisis” and the failure of the Vanguard program, a Juno I rocket was used to launch America’s first satellite, Explorer 1.

Delta B (Thor-Delta B)

By Eiffleman

Derivative of the Thor-Delta rocket using the Thor DM-21 configuration with a Delta D second stage and an Altair solid rocket motor third stage. Launched the first geosynchronous satellite, Syncom-2.

Juno II

By Eiffleman

Four stage rocket derived from the Jupiter missile and using MGM-29 Sergeant solid rocket motors for the upper stages. Launched Pioneer 3 (failure) and Pioneer 4 which became the first American lunar probe.

Little Joe II

By Eiffleman

American rocket developed to test the Apollo spacecraft Launch Escape System and the Command Module parachute recovery system in abort mode. Smallest of the four launch vehicles used in the Apollo program.

Atlas LV-3B (Mercury-Atlas Launch Vehicle)

By Eiffleman

America’s second manned launch vehicle and the first to reach orbit for the Mercury program. Manufactured by Convair and derived from the SM-65D Atlas missile making it a member of the Atlas family of rockets. Launched a total of four crewed Mercury spacecraft.

Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle

By Eiffleman

America’s first crewed suborbital launch vehicle. Member of the Redstone rocket family derived from the U.S. Army’s Redstone missile and the Jupiter-C LV. Used for six suborbital Mercury flights carrying astronauts Alan Shepard and Gus Grissom.

A-4 / V-2 Rocket with Support and Supply Vehicles

By Kaero, Mark Balderama, and Wolfram Broszies

The Aggregat 4 (A-4), later renamed the V-2 for Vengeance Weapon 2, was the world’s first long range missile and the first to pass the Karman line reaching ‘space’. Much of the development team went on to help develop rocket programs for both the USA and USSR.